Weight loss is an intentional or unintentional decrease in the body weight of a living organism. It can be both a goal in the fight against obesity, to normalize health and increase physical attractiveness, and it can be a medical problem, as a symptom of various diseases.
Any diet is temporary, and subsequently, without working out the reasons for gaining weight, in most cases it returns, because a person both overeats and continues to overeat.
In addition to the physiological reasons for gaining excess weight (for example, due to hormonal diseases), social (the habit of eating "for the company", eating out of boredom) and psychological reasons (personal lack of fulfillment, problem relationships with loved ones, severe stress, loneliness) can lead to weight gain. ... Therefore, it is necessary to eliminate, first of all, the causes of overeating - to learn to find new sources of pleasure, new hobbies and entertainment that have nothing to do with food.
Thus, for successful weight loss, it is important to change your attitude towards yourself and to food, lifestyle and thinking, as well as choose the right way to lose weight for yourself.
In anorexia nervosa, weight loss (weight loss) becomes the main driving force of the individual.
Researchers have also found that regularly recording and recording calories consumed also contributes to weight loss. It is assumed that the very act of self-control has a beneficial effect on the process of losing weight.
To choose the right way to lose weight, you first need to determine the body mass index (BMI). This parameter is a generally recognized guideline in the world in the fight against excess weight, it allows you to quickly choose a rational therapeutic tactics.
If a person's body mass index (BMI) is less than 18, they should not lose weight. On the contrary, it is believed that he is underweight, and it is desirable for him to gain weight.
If a person's body mass index is 18.5-24.99, this is the norm, and weight loss is not required.
If a person's BMI is 25-29.99, he really is overweight. Diet and physical activity are the most rational therapeutic measures.
If a person's BMI is 30-40, then this is already classified as real obesity, which requires medical measures under the supervision of a physician. As a rule, in addition to diet and physical activity, the doctor recommends taking medications aimed at weight loss (for example, xenical). Currently, the FDA (Food and Drug Administration, decision dated February 18, 2011) has approved gastric banding for BMIs of 30 and above. In the presence of type 2 diabetes mellitus against the background of this BMI (30-40), bariatric surgery of any complexity can be performed, up to gastric bypass surgery.
A body mass index above 40 is a sign of life-threatening obesity. With such excess weight, the patient is shown surgical treatment (bariatric surgery of any complexity), which gives a stable weight loss to normal.