In dental practice, drugs of various pharmacological groups are used.
The most demanded ones:
anti-inflammatory drugs - OKI;
antibacterial - Cholisal;
antiseptic - Miramistin;
wound healing - Solcoseryl;
hemostatic - Meturakol, Spongostan.
Dentists also prescribe home remedies as part of a combination therapy.
These are medicines for strengthening teeth and gums, which contain plant extracts, enzymes, astringents.
A separate group is pain relievers. They do not give a therapeutic effect, but are designed to temporarily block the transmission of impulses along the nerve endings. Several types of anesthesia are used in dentistry:
injection - this is the intramuscular administration of solutions of Ultracaine and the like, acts locally;
application - treatment of mucous membranes with gels, ointments or sprays with anesthetic - Lidoxor, Dikain;
general - these are oral pain medications that are prescribed after tooth extraction and other complex manipulations - Analgin.
Toothpastes and rinses with calcium hydroxide, xylitol, fluorides are used as daily hygienic care, prevention of caries and gingivitis. These products prevent bacterial plaque build-up and maintain a neutral pH.
All dental medications have contraindications and can also cause side effects. Therefore, the concentration and dosage is prescribed exclusively by the doctor.
In dental practice, in addition to special dental materials, medicines from different pharmacological groups are used (see the relevant sections): local anesthetic, analgesic, astringent, anti-inflammatory, vitamins, etc., and in case of microbial lesions of the oral cavity - antibiotics and other antibacterial drugs. Medicinal prophylaxis and pharmacotherapy of caries, periodontitis, periodontitis, etc. are also of great importance.