Sexual health, also reproductive health, is a state of complete somatic, emotional, intellectual and social well-being in relation to sexuality. It affects reproductive processes, functions and systems at all stages of life. Sexual health implies a positive attitude towards sexuality and sexual relations, the ability to have a safe sex life that is satisfying, and free from coercion, discrimination and violence. Achieving and maintaining sexual health is linked to the realization of human inherent sexual rights.
Reproductive health implies that people are capable of having safe sex lives and that they are capable of deciding when and how often to have sex. Men and women must be informed and have access to safe, effective, affordable and acceptable birth control methods. In addition, appropriate sexual and reproductive medicine health services and health standards are available for the birth of a healthy baby so that women can safely survive pregnancy and childbirth, increasing the chances of having a healthy baby.
People face inequalities in reproductive health services. Inequality varies according to social and economic status, educational level, age, ethnicity, religion and the resources available in their environment. For example, it is possible that people with low income do not have the resources for appropriate health care, and the knowledge to decide what is appropriate for maintaining reproductive health.