Anemia is a disease characterized by a low concentration of hemoglobin, usually in combination with a decrease in the number of red blood cells.
Anemia is a symptom of various diseases. When pathology is detected, iron preparations are most often prescribed by the attending physician for anemia.
The correct selection of the drug and the establishment of the causes of anemia accelerate the healing process.
List of the main indications for which iron-containing agents are prescribed:
the need for rapid replenishment of iron in the body;
treatment of iron deficiency anemia;
preventive actions aimed at restoring iron balance during pregnancy;
prevention of iron deficiency in adolescents, nursing mothers and children.
It is contraindicated to take medications for anemia for people who have a history of:
hypersensitivity to substances in the composition of the drug;
those whose body is overloaded with iron due to hemochromatosis or hemosiderosis;
anemia caused by lead poisoning;
megaloblastic anemia due to a lack of vitamin B12;
in some cases, children under 12 years of age.
Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is a clinical and hematological syndrome characterized by a violation of hemoglobin synthesis as a result of iron deficiency, which develops against the background of various pathological (physiological) processes, and manifests itself as signs of anemia and sideropenia.
The development of IDA is based on a variety of reasons, among which the following are of primary importance:
- chronic blood loss of various localization (gastrointestinal, uterine, nasal, renal) due to various diseases;
- impaired absorption of iron supplied with food in the intestine (enteritis, resection of the small intestine, malabsorption syndrome, blind loop syndrome);
- increased need for iron (pregnancy, lactation, intensive growth, etc.);
- alimentary iron deficiency (malnutrition, anorexia of various origins, vegetarianism, etc.).
When identifying the cause of IDA, the main treatment should be aimed at eliminating it (surgical treatment of tumors of the stomach, intestines, treatment of enteritis, correction of nutritional deficiency, etc.). In a number of cases, radical elimination of the cause of IDA is not possible, for example, with ongoing menorrhagia, hereditary hemorrhagic diathesis, manifested by nosebleeds, in pregnant women and in some other situations. In such cases, pathogenetic therapy with iron-containing drugs is of primary importance. Iron (RV) medications are the means of choice for correcting iron deficiency and hemoglobin levels in IDA patients. The pancreas should be preferred over foods containing iron.