Coughing complicates everyday life: it reduces a person's productivity and mood during the day and makes it difficult to get a good night's sleep. The standard way to stop seizures is to take appropriate medication. It is worth remembering, however, that coughing is usually a symptom of a medical condition that can cause complications.
Therefore, for a more effective fight against it, it is first of all to establish the cause of the pathology, and for this you should consult a doctor. The specialist will take a history, diagnose and prescribe appropriate medications.
A cough is a defense reaction of the body that helps free the respiratory system from phlegm that has accumulated in the bronchi or foreign bodies. In addition, it can be a response to inflammatory processes of the respiratory system. It is also a common symptom of colds.
A cough occurs when the cough receptors are irritated. Also, its occurrence may be associated with an effect on nerve receptors.
Sometimes the cough becomes lingering. The reasons for this may be:
transferred respiratory infection due to increased reactivity of the walls of the bronchi.
There are a number of diseases that occur with chronic cough:
gastroesophageal reflux disease,
in children - adenoiditis (inflammation of the adenoids),
A prolonged cough, which is accompanied by profuse sputum production, can be caused by malformations of the bronchopulmonary system. Also, a wet cough can be observed with cystic fibrosis, bronchiectasis, or primary ciliary dyskinesia syndrome. Often, it can indicate chronic bronchitis.
Prolonged dry cough can be caused by:
systematic inhalation of dust or smoke particles;
otitis media (Arnold's cough reflex in the presence of an additional auricular branch of the nerve);
interstitial lung disease;
tumors of the mediastinum;
papillomatosis of the larynx;
side effect of taking ACE inhibitors (in adults);
relief of attacks of bronchial asthma with powder anti-asthma drugs (in children).
Also, a chronic dry cough can be the appearance of a cough form of bronchial asthma, sarcoidosis, fibrosing alveolitis or other interstitial lung diseases, as well as tuberculosis.