First aid kit - a set of dressings, instruments and devices designed for first aid. May also contain medicines for medical treatment and medical attention. A first aid kit is also called a box, a bag that contains funds and tools. The composition and size of first-aid kits depends on the intended conditions of care, the nature of the diseases and injuries, and the number of people who may need help.
The composition of first-aid kits differs for different fields of application, but there are general principles for completing. A first aid kit usually includes:
Dressing materials and means for stopping bleeding and treating wounds: a medical scarf, bandages, plasters, tourniquets, gauze napkins;
Artificial ventilation mask
Notepad and writing pen
Medicines may also be included:
Antiseptics (alcohol solutions of iodine, brilliant green, 3% hydrogen overhydrate solution, potassium permanganate (also known as potassium permanganate or "potassium permanganate"), chlorhexidine, etc.)
Analgesics: metamizole (aka analgin), citramone, aspirin, paracetamol.
General antibiotics (ampicillin, streptocid).
Nitroglycerin their analogs or derivatives.
Antihistamines (antiallergic) drugs (diphenhydramine (also known as diphenhydramine) and / or suprastin).
Antispasmodic drugs (for example, drotaverine (No-shpa), papaverine).
Boric acid and sodium bicarbonate (also known as baking soda)
Tool: spatula or spoon, measuring cup, etc.
Detoxification agents: activated charcoal or white charcoal, rehydration solution (citraglucosolan, rehydron).
Also, individual first-aid kits may include:
Means for disinfection (chlorination) of water.
Antidotes and stimulants.
First aid guides (checklists)
The first aid kit should be housed in a hard-walled case to prevent damage to the glass medicine containers. The first aid kit should be marked with a distinctive mark to make it easier to find the bag if needed. A red cross on a white background, a white cross on a green background and others can be used as such a sign.