A dressing is a soft or rigid device that secures a dressing (sometimes containing medicinal or other substances) to the surface of the patient's body. The section of medicine desmurgy deals with the study of dressings, methods of their application, as well as the rules for treating wounds.
By purpose they are distinguished:
protective (aseptic) dressings - to prevent wound infection;
medicated dressings (usually partially impregnated with medication) - to ensure continued access of medication to the wound;
hemostatic dressings (pressure) dressings - to stop bleeding by creating constant pressure on a specific part of the body;
immobilizing dressings - to immobilize a limb, mainly used for fractures;
traction dressings - for stretching bone fragments, for example, with fractures of the tibia;
corrective dressings - to eliminate deformities;
occlusive dressings - to seal the wound, for example, for chest injuries, it is necessary for the victim to breathe.
By type, dressings are divided into:
soft - using soft materials (cotton wool, bandage, gauze and others),
solid - using solid materials called tires (Cramer's tire and others),
hardening - plaster bandages.