Personal hygiene is a set of rules for human behavior in everyday life and at work. In the narrow sense, hygiene is the hygienic maintenance of the body, clothing and household items. Violations of personal hygiene requirements can affect the health of both one person and very large groups of people (teams of enterprises, families, members of various communities and even residents of entire regions).
PERSONAL HYGIENE RULES
1. Body hygiene. Human skin protects the entire body from all kinds of environmental influences. Keeping the skin clean is extremely important, because in addition to the protective function, it performs the following functions: thermoregulatory, metabolic, immune, secretory, receptor, respiratory and other functions.
Wash yourself daily with warm water. The water temperature should be 37-38 degrees, i.e. slightly above normal body temperature. Through the skin of a person, up to 300 g of fat and up to 7 liters of sweat are secreted per week. So that the protective properties of the skin are not violated, it is necessary to wash off these secretions regularly. Otherwise, favorable conditions are created on the skin for the reproduction of pathogenic microbes, fungi and other harmful microorganisms.
It is necessary to take water procedures (bath, shower, bath) using a washcloth at least once a week.
Keep your hands and nails clean. Exposed skin areas are especially prone to contamination. Dirt containing pathogens can be passed from the hands to the mouth through food. Dysentery, for example, is called dirty hand disease. Hands should be washed before going to the toilet and always after using the toilet, before eating and after eating, after contact with animals (both outdoor and domestic). If you are on the road, wipe your hands with a damp cloth in order to eliminate at least some of the germs.
Feet should be washed every day with cool water and soap. Cold water reduces perspiration.
2. Hair hygiene. Proper care of the scalp and hair normalizes the activity of the sebaceous glands, as well as improves blood circulation and metabolic processes. Therefore, the procedure for shampooing must be treated responsibly.
The head must be washed as it gets dirty. It is impossible to say the exact number of times. The frequency of washing your hair depends on various factors: hair length, hair and scalp type, work pattern, season, etc. In winter, as a rule, hair is washed more often because a hat prevents the scalp from breathing, which is why sebum is secreted much more than usual.
Do not wash your hair with hot water. Hair can become very oily as hot water activates the sebaceous glands. In addition, such water helps detergents (soaps and shampoos) settle on the hair as a gray coating that is difficult to wash off.
Carefully consider the choice of hair care products (shampoos, balms, lotions, etc.). Hair absorbs water very well, and with it substances that can harm hair, scalp and the body as a whole.
After rinsing, it is useful to douse the hair with cool water.
Dry your hair after washing, preferably with a warm towel, and then let the hair dry in the air. It is undesirable to use a hairdryer, as it dries hair very much.
When combing hair, it is unacceptable to use someone else's combs.
3. Oral hygiene. Proper care of the oral cavity contributes to the preservation of teeth in good condition for many years, and also helps to prevent many diseases of internal organs.
You need to brush your teeth daily in the morning and in the evening.
It is unacceptable to use another person's toothbrush.
Be sure to rinse your mouth after eating.
At the first sign of dental or gum disease, see your dentist immediately.
For a routine check-up, visit your dentist at least twice a year.
4. Hygiene of underwear and clothing and footwear. The cleanliness of our clothes plays an important role in personal hygiene. Clothing protects the human body from pollution, mechanical and chemical damage, cooling, insects, and so on.
Underwear must be changed after each wash, i.e. everyday.
Socks, knee-highs, stockings, tights are changed daily.
Clothes should be washed regularly.
It is unacceptable to wear someone else's clothes and shoes
Clothes and footwear must be suitable for climatic conditions.
It is advisable to give preference to clothing made from natural fabrics and shoes made from natural materials.
The cut of clothes and shoes must take into account the anatomical features and correspond to the size of the person.
5. Hygiene of the bed.
Each family member should have their own towel and their own bed.
Bed linen must be changed weekly.
The sleeping place should be comfortable.
Before going to bed, you need to ventilate the sleeping area.
Before going to bed, it is recommended to change your underwear to a nightgown or pajamas.
Try to keep pets away from your bed.