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Pharmacological properties

the medicine contains a combination of vitamins with calcium and phosphorus. Vitamins are substances that take part in the regulation of many biochemical processes in the body. the effect of vitamins and minerals in the body is more physiological rather than pharmacodynamic.

Vitamin B Group (B1, B2, B6, B12, pantothenic acid, nicotinamide and folic acid) is involved in the metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins and fats, and also plays an important role in the functioning of the nervous system.

Folic acid is necessary for the formation, regeneration and normal functioning of blood cells.

Vitamin A is necessary for the development of epithelial cells and the synthesis of visual pigment.

Vitamin D regulates calcium absorption and enables proper mineralization of bones and teeth.

Vitamin C promotes the absorption of iron and is involved in many redox processes in the body.

Minerals are components of connective tissue and act as activators and constituents of enzymes.

Calcium and phosphorus play an important role in the mineralization of bones and teeth.

Calcium ions activate many enzymes, take part in the regulation of cardiac muscle tone, in the regulation of transmission of nerve impulses and regulate the permeability of cell membranes.

Pharmacokinetics Water-soluble vitamins (B vitamins, vitamin C and biotin) are well absorbed in amounts corresponding to daily requirements. Excessive amounts are excreted in the urine and, in some cases, also in the feces. These vitamins are stored in the body in limited quantities, so they must be regularly supplied with food to maintain the necessary concentration in the tissues.

In the presence of fats, orally ingested fat-soluble vitamins A and D are well absorbed in the small intestine. When used in large quantities, these vitamins are stored and stored in the liver, therefore they are more toxic than water-soluble vitamins.

Indications

The drug is intended for children with:

  • decreased appetite;
  • physical and mental overload in schoolchildren;
  • developmental delay;
  • as an adjunct in the treatment of antibiotics;
  • seasonal deficit of fruits and vegetables in the diet.

Application

Inside after a meal.

For the prevention of hypovitaminosis: for children aged 4-6 years - 1 tablet 1-2 times a day; children aged 7-14 years - 1 tablet 2-3 times a day.

For the treatment of hypovitaminosis: for children aged 4-6 years - 1 tablet 4 times a day; children aged 7-14 years - 1 tablet 5 times a day.

With a decreased appetite, the Univit drug is recommended for use within 2 months, with other indications, if necessary, depending on the duration and frequency of symptoms after consulting a doctor.

Contraindications

Hypersensitivity to active substances or any of the auxiliary components of the drug; hypervitaminosis a and d; nephrolithiasis; gout; hyperuricemia erythremia; erythrocytosis; thrombophlebitis; thromboembolism; violation of the metabolism of iron and copper; hypercalcemia; hypercalciuria; thyrotoxicosis; chronic glomerulonephritis; chronic heart failure; a history of sarcoidosis; stomach and duodenal ulcer (due to the possibility of increasing the acidity of gastric juice); tuberculosis.

Side effects

On the part of the immune system: hypersensitivity reactions to the components of the drug are possible, including anaphylactic shock, bronchospasm, Quinckes edema.

From the side of metabolism and digestion: hypercalcemia.

From the nervous system: headache, dizziness, drowsiness.

From the side of the organ of vision: visual impairment.

From the digestive tract: dyspepsia, nausea, vomiting, belching, pain in the stomach, constipation, diarrhea, increased secretion of gastric juice.

On the part of the skin and subcutaneous tissue: rashes, urticaria, itching, redness.

From the kidneys and urinary tract: discoloration of urine, hypercalciuria.

General disorders: hyperthermia, irritability, hyperhidrosis.

During prolonged use in high doses, the following adverse reactions may occur.

From the side of metabolism and digestion: hyperuricemia, impaired glucose tolerance, hyperglycemia.

From the nervous system: paresthesia.

From the cardiovascular system: arrhythmias.

From the digestive tract: gastrointestinal disturbances.

On the part of the skin and subcutaneous tissue: hair loss, seborrhea.

From the kidneys and urinary tract: renal failure.

Laboratory indicators: a temporary increase in the level of AcAT, alkaline phosphatase, LDH.

If any adverse reactions occur, discontinue use of the drug and consult a doctor.

special instructions

The drug is not recommended for children under 4 years of age. Before starting the simultaneous use with other vitamin, vitamin-mineral and / or mineral medicines, you should consult your doctor.

With caution, the drug is prescribed to patients with liver diseases, acute nephritis, cardiac decompensation, gallstone disease, chronic pancreatitis, allergic diseases, idiosyncrasy, neoplasms.

It is possible to stain urine in yellow, due to the presence of riboflavin in the preparation. This effect is safe.

The drug contains lactose, so it should not be used in patients with rare hereditary forms of galactose intolerance, lactase deficiency or glucose-galactose malabsorption syndrome.

Since the preparation contains sorbitol, patients with rare hereditary fructose intolerance should not take this drug.

The drug contains aspartame, which in the body is transformed into phenylalanine, so it should not be used in patients with phenylketonuria.

The drug contains sugar, which should be considered for patients with diabetes mellitus.

Use during pregnancy and lactation. The drug is used in children.

Children. The drug is used in children over the age of 4 years.

The ability to influence the reaction rate when driving vehicles or working with other mechanisms. There are no reports regarding the effect of the drug on the ability to drive a car or work with other mechanical means.

Interactions

Due to the possibility of developing hypervitaminosis a, the combined use of the drug with other medicines containing vitamin A or with oral retinoids is not recommended.

When treating with sulfonamides, high doses of vitamin C should not be used to avoid crystalluria. Pyridoxine reduces the effectiveness of levodopa if the patient only takes levodopa.

Riboflavin inhibits absorption and reduces the effectiveness of antibiotics. Therefore, it should be taken at least 3 hours before taking the antibiotic.

Overdose

When taking the recommended doses, an overdose is unlikely. symptoms. prolonged intake (more than 1 month) of the drug in very high doses can cause hypervitaminosis of vitamins a and d. however, the possibility of an overdose when using the drug is unlikely.

The treatment is symptomatic.

Storage conditions

In the original packaging at a temperature not exceeding 25 ° C.

Tags: Univit